In a study of children from low-income and homeless English speaking families over a period of three years, the researchers highlighted an unexpected result. This graph shows the boys outperforming the girls on the Michigan Literacy Progress Profile (MLPP) sight word test.
This was a surprise, since girls typically outperform boys on literacy assessments at the elementary level. The gap tends to increase with age. The IES National Center for Education Sciences reports on the recent study by the U.S. Department of Education, First –Time Kindergarteners in 2010-2011: First Findings of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-11 (ECLS-K:2011).
The findings indicate that boys scored 1.4 points lower than girls on the literacy measures in the Fall assessment and 2.0 points lower in the Spring assessment. Both differences are highly significant, meaning they could not happen by chance.